Sergers are handy machines for anyone who likes to sew clothing. Producing finished, contained seams, serger sewing machines like the Juki MO654DE Serger can create a number of stitches that can be used in various ways. When shopping for serger machines, consider the number of needles the machine uses and which stitches it can create to decide on the model that you will find most useful.
The Overlock Stitch
The overlock stitch is the basic stitch made on all sergers and the most common one used by those who purchase these machines. This stitch creates a finished edge that encases the seam or fabric edge to prevent it from unraveling and to keep the entire seam tidy. Although 2-needle machines create a simpler overedge stitch that is mainly used to protect the seam edge, 3, 4, and 5-needle machines sew a true overlock that interlocks the different threads to generate a sturdy, yet flexible seam.
The Flatlock Stitch
The flatlock stitch is similar to the overlock, except it is sewn flat as opposed to around fabric edges. It is useful for stitching knit fabrics together, and can also be used as a decorative stitch that is visible from the top side of the fabric. It can be sewn using 2 or more needles; the more needles that are used, the more secure the join will be.
Generally used to make neat and tidy hems, coverstitches work without the knives engaged by sewing over a folded fabric edge. Coverstitches can be made using three or more needles. Additionally, while machines like the Juki MO654DE Serger offer many different stitch options, those who primarily use only this stitch may prefer to invest in a dedicated, less-expensive coverstitch machine.
Made on any serger using only two needles, the chainstitch looks like a plain straight stitch on the top of the fabric while it creates a looped chain on the underside. This produces a more substantial stitch overall and the chain can look a bit decorative as well.
The Rolled Hem
Rolled hems are stitches made on serger sewing machines that finish the fabric edge with a thread application that creates a precise, rolled look. Used mainly on finer fabrics to prevent fraying, rolled hems add an elegant finish when other edging options would not be suitable. Rolled hems can be made on 3, 4, and 5-needle machines.
The Safety Stitch
This is a complex stitch that combines an overlock on the top and a chainstitch on the bottom, producing a very secure seam. It is especially suitable for heavyweight and woven fabrics that could unravel or stretch easily, providing strength and the ability to prevent fraying. Safety stitches can be made on 4 and 5-needle machines as they require a minimum of 4 threads.
While even the most basic, 2-needle sergers like the Juki MO654DE Serger can perform multiple useful stitches, sewists should first consider their needs, then purchase accordingly. Serger sewing machines offer the capability to create many important and decorative stitches that can transform home creations so they look professionally made!