Producing professional looking seams can be challenging; however, this is an important skill to learn for anyone who wants to create wearable garments. Although it is possible to make great seams on most sewing machines such as Juki ones, sergers make seaming much easier. The Juki MO1000 and other similar units are used for creating professional or decorative garment seams. When used correctly, the results can make any homemade article of clothing look like something purchased right off the rack.
How Do Sergers They Work?
Sergers, also known as overlock sewing machines, are used for the sole purpose of producing strong, flexible garment seams. Because these units stitch by using four threads at the same time, they produce a finished seam that encloses the entire allowance, making the seam stronger and less likely to come undone. Serged seams are also more flexible than those made using standard sewing machines, as they have a little bit of stretch and give to them. In addition, these units can be used for various types of decorative topstitching.
Most professionally made garments are produced on sergers. For the craftsperson who frequently makes garments, sergers like the Juki MO1000 are a very worthwhile investment. Some sewers end up using their overlock machines more often than their standard ones.
Starting Out with A Serger
Overlock units can be a little more complicated to use at first, so it is important to start out using them the right way by doing the following:
- Learn Correct Threading - The most intimidating part about sergers is how to thread them correctly since there are four different threads being used at the same time. The best idea is to open up the unit when it is new and photograph the way it is threaded to create an easy reference for the future. Practice threading the unit and also practice sewing with it. Once threading is understood, the rest will be as easy as sewing on other Juki machines.
- Use Good Quality Thread - Considering the fact that there are four threads on a serger and it does take time to rethread the unit, use high-quality thread such as cotton thread, which will not break as much as cheap thread. If buying multiple cones of thread in different colors is too expensive, simply buy one cone and wind a lot of bobbins and spools. This is a much-preferred method over settling for inexpensive and low-quality thread.
- Learn to Use the Differential Feed - Serger machines have two different feed dogs, one in front of the presser foot and one directly below it. The feed dogs can be adjusted so they function differently. This is especially useful for feeding different types of fabrics to ensure they are sewn correctly. Learn how to adjust the differential feed on the unit and what the various settings are for best results.
- Understand Limitations - Serger units do one thing well and that is create the best seams. They do not backstitch well and will cut the threads that were just sewn if used for backstitching. Since overlocks actually trim the edge of the fabric as they stitch to create a precise and finished seam allowance, never stitch over pins as they will damage the knives. Basting in lieu of pinning is important when sewing with machines like Juki MO1000. Additionally, sergers will stitch much faster than standard ones, so it is important to go very slowly to avoid losing control of the fabric.
Sergers may seem challenging to use at first. With a little bit of understanding in the way they work and how to adjust them, most seamstresses can learn to create garments proficiently using the Juki MO1000 and other Juki sewing machines made for serging. Once a sewer becomes accustomed to these units, many find themselves wondering what they ever did without them!