Embroidery Machines

In the sewing world, few things are more beautiful than an expertly stitched, artistic embroidery design. Yet creating with embroidery machines like the Janome MB-4S does require some practice. You must also understand a number of important concepts in order for your projects to turn out as you planned.

Stitch pull and to a lesser extent stitch push can both negatively affect the stitching you do with your Janome embroidery machine if it is not properly handled in advance in the digitized design artwork phase. Learn about push and pull as well as what you must do so that your embroidery designs turn out great.

What Are Push and Pull in Machine Embroidery?

When making a design on various types of fabric with an embroidery machine, you may encounter a pull or push effect on the fabric. Stitch pull is when the fabric is pulled in slightly with vertical threads, sometimes leaving stitch gaps around the edges of the design or in design outlines.

Stitch push is when the close stitching in a fill area is pushed out beyond where the edge of the design should be. Both happen in relation to the amount of stretch the fabric has, how much it is stretched during hooping, the stabilizer used, underlay and fill stitch type as well as other factors.

Compensating for Stitch Pull and Push

Before stitching your final design on any embroidery machine including a Janome, it is always best to test the design on a scrap of the same fabric. By doing this, you will be able to see whether there is any pull or push distorting the design.

If you do note stitch pull leaving gaps around the design edges or stitch push causing the thread to push over the edge of the design, you can correct for this easily in your embroidery art digitizing program:

Compensating for Stitch Pull

Refer to your embroidery test and note the areas that need to be adjusted for pull. If the embroidery software you use to digitize designs for stitching on your Janome MB-4S offers pull compensation, simply refer to the user instructions to learn how to make the adjustment.

The program will lengthen and overlap stitches in the required areas to correct. Stitches will appear like they extend over the outline of the design in the program. Once the design is stitched, it will look perfect due to the effect of pull. With software that does not automatically adjust for pull, you must manually extend your stitches in the design so they overlap outlines and other fill areas to compensate for pull.  

Compensating for Stitch Push

Stitch push is compensated using the opposite approach. Since push occurs when horizontal stitches expand over the edge of the fill area, you must determine how far it is pushing over and adjust the design accordingly. Refer to the digitizing software user instructions on how to compensate for push.

If you must do it manually, simply adjust your design so the fill stitching ends slightly before the edge of the fill space. Once stitched, the thread that pushes out will fill the space without going over the edge.

It can be disappointing when designs stitched on Janome embroidery machines are distorted due to stitch push and pull. These are common issue that owners of embroidery machines like the Janome MB-4S must learn to recognize and fix. Once you get the hang of compensating for push and pull in your designs, you will be happier with your embroidery results!

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