For those who frequently make clothing, serger sewing machines like the Juki MO 1000 serger, can be a worthwhile investment. Sergers are a little expensive and require some time to learn how to use, but they produce strong, professional garment seams. For a clearer understanding of how these machines work and the benefits they offer, consider the following practical tips on serging machines.
Why A Serger?
Serging is a form of machine stitching that produces a strong, yet flexible seam or fabric edge that will not unravel. This method instead creates a wider row of stitches that better holds fabric together by using multiple threads that weave together.
These units are particularly suited for fabric that stretch, like knits, since they create a seam that also stretches. Additionally, sergers offer a quick and easy way to add a zigzag edge, stitch edging around curves, and add some other types of useful and decorative seams and edges. These units can even sew gathers.
Multiple Needles and Stitches
Serger sewing machines accomplish what they do by using multiple needles and threads. While a standard sewing machine has one needle and uses two threads, a serger use two needles and as many as five threads. There are various models available that are able to handle three, four, and five threads. Naturally, the more threads the model is capable of using, the more function is available to produce a wide variety of seams and different types of stitches.
The most common stitch that sergers perform is the overlock stitch, which is a basic interlocking stitch used for making seams. It can be done with as few as two and as many as five threads. Machines like the Juki MO 1000 serger can also make zigzag stitches, flatlock seams, rolled and narrow hems, and others depending upon the machine. By using multiple thread colors, serging can also add an element of decoration to any project where the stitching will show.
Stitching and Trimming in One Effort
To create a finished locking seam or hem, serger sewing machines create a trimmed fabric edge as they work. By using built-in knives, this machine trims away excess fabric just before it is stitched, totally enclosing the edge in the seam.
Needle Threading and Stitch Settings
A serger takes a little longer to thread than a standard sewing machine, although there are actually fewer loops and paths that each thread must pass through. They require one or two threads on the bottom and two or three threads on the top. Most models include easy-to-read diagrams that explain proper threading.
Setting things such as stitch length and tension could not be easier, as there is a separate adjustment for each spool on the machine. By using the different adjustments, almost anyone can easily create the many different stitches their serger is capable of producing. There are even adjustments to control the length of the seam allowance that is cut by the knives.
Serger sewing machines provide new options for anyone who enjoys creating quality handmade garments and other projects. A machine like the Juki MO 1000 serger is an investment that can help some projects to the next level and is useful for seaming, edging, and hemming. Even though the functions that sergers perform can technically be done on a standard sewing machine, serging makes these techniques easier and more fun. With a little practice and a good understanding of how these units work, anyone who sews can get a lot of use from a quality serger!