When creating garments on sewing machines, there are times when the fabric needs some stabilization in order for it to fall correctly or reduce transparency. This often calls for the use of interfacing, which is a type of stabilizing backing for various fabrics sewn on machines like the Juki TL2000QI.
Not all interfacing is the same, so it is important to know about the different types available. Before making garments on Juki sewing machines, read a few of the following facts about fabric interfacing and how to use it correctly.
What Does Interfacing Do?
Interfacing has two main roles, to either support a finer, more flimsy fabric or reduce the transparency of a sheer or lace fabric. When properly selected, it is applied to the back side of the fabric before being sewn, then either removed or left in place depending on the project and why the interfacing is necessary.
The Different Kinds of Interfacing
Before anyone uses interfacing, it is important to realize there are many different kinds available, each type meant to be used in a different way. There are three main types, each of which is made in various weights and colors and attached to the top fabric in different ways:
- Types - Interfacing is available in woven, non-woven, and knit material, each one with different properties. Woven interfacing has a bias just like other woven fabric and provides the greatest amount of stability. The non-woven type is a fine, bonded mesh that will not unravel like the woven type, although it may offer less support. The knit variety offers just enough stretch, making it useful to stabilize other knit fabrics without removing all flexibility.
- Attaching - Interfacing can be either basted and/or stitched onto the back of the main fabric. It can also be fused on with an iron before sewing the piece on a machine like the Juki TL2000QI. The sew-in type remains separate from the top fabric, while the fusible kind becomes a permanent backing.
- Weights and Colors - Most varieties of interfacing are available in different weights and colors to be used with just about any fabric. Light, medium, and heavyweight options all offer varying degrees of support with different top fabrics. Common colors include white, cream, beige, gray, and black, although some other colors can sometimes be found.
Choosing the Right Interfacing
Deciding on the best interfacing to use can be a bit challenging. It is important to consider not only the type of interfacing but also its purpose and the effect it will have on the top fabric after being sewn with Juki sewing machines. Its weight should match the weight of the main fabric to provide stability without bulk. The color should not affect how the garment looks from the finished side. Woven interfacing is typically used with any woven fabric; the non-woven type is preferred behind sheer fabric and anywhere that hiding the grain is desirable.
What the garment will be used for and the type of cleaning required must be considered. Choose from washable or dry-clean-only interfacing according to the garment material. The sew-in variety may need to be pre-shrunk to prevent pulling once the garment has been washed and dried.
Interfacing can be very useful when making garments on Juki sewing machines like the Juki TL2000QI, helping sewists get the look and stabilization they want. The most important detail when using interfacing is understanding the different types available and how they work with a certain fabric to provide important structure, support, and opacity. When properly selected, interfacing can provide desirable results when creating garments on home sewing machines!